Epistémé in the Direct Representation: Intentionality, Causality, Reference

Barbora Kundračíková

Abstract


The subject of a study is a general issue of the relationship between the image and its referent, respectively between referent of the image, the image itself and its recipient. If a painting is fundamentally intentional in the sense that its referent display depends on the agent of this painting and his beliefs, and if a photograph is principally causal in the sense that the intentions of the agent are projected into the relationship between the referent and the image only at the technological level, these are two types of images, assuming a different way of perception and interpretation. Is it so? And is it so necessarily? The example of an icon as borderline type of image shows that a photograph has at least the potential to achieve similar level of psychological illusion of a painting. If so, it is perhaps reasonable to assume that the photographic image is able to attain the fictional effect comparable to the effect of a painting. The study aims to further explore this assumption with regard to the epistemological framework.

Keywords


photography, Icon, Epistémé, Depiction, Causality, Intentionality, Scruton, Walton, Benjamin

https://doi.org/10.5817/pf15-1-720

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References

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Published by the Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic.
ISSN: 1212-9097