Kvalitatívne metódy výskumov v informačnej vede

Jela Steinerová

Abstrakt


V príspevku sa identifikuje pôvod a podstata kvalitatívnych metód výskumov v informačnej vede. Uvádzajú sa teoretické zdroje kvalitatívnych metód založených na psychologických a sociálnych vedách, najmä fenomenológia, fenomenografia a interpretačné metódy. Prezentuje sa prehľad týchto metód  s príkladmi vybraných výskumov z oblasti informačného správania človeka a informačnej gramotnosti. Vysvetľujú sa postupy pri uplatňovaní kvalitatívnych metód, najmä obsahová analýza, interpretácie, meranie postojov. Medzi  výhody kvalitatívnych metód patrí holistický  pohľad na využívanie informácií a reprezentácie poznania z kognitívneho, afektívneho a sociálneho aspektu. Výhodou je orientácia na kontext informácie, príčiny informačného správania, implicitné poznatky a skúsenosti človeka. Vysvetľujú sa obmedzenia kvalitatívnych metód a možnosti ich prekonávania. Uvádzajú sa príklady z vlastných výskumov orientovaných na relevanciu, informačné správanie doktorandov a informačnú ekológiu. Navrhuje sa prepojenie kvalitatívnych výskumov s modelovaním kreatívnych informačných procesov v informačnom správaní rôznych komunít.

 

Jela Steinerová

Univerzita Komenského v Bratislave
Filozofická fakulta
Šafárikovo nám. č.6
Bratislava
Slovensko

 

Príspevok bol spracovaný v rámci riešenia výskumnej úlohy VEGA 1/0066/15 Modelovanie informačného prostredia digitálnej vedy.


Klíčová slova


informačná veda; kvalitatívne metódy; obsahová analýza; informačné správanie

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