Civil War Statistics

The Civil War, America's bloodiest conflict, cost nearly 1,100,000 casualties and claimed more than 620,000 lives. The campaigning armies left destruction in their wake, particularly in the Southern states that bore the brunt of the fighting. Best estimates place the total number of war-time clashes in excess of 10,000, many of them large scale encounters that resulted in staggering losses for both sides. Engagements such as Gettysburg, Shiloh, the Wilderness and Chickamauga are ranked among the great battles of history; they bear witness to the courage and tenacity with which the Federal and Confederate soldiers fought for their beliefs.

Index

1. The Bloodiest Battles

2. Federal Army Casualties

3. Confederate Army Casualties

4. Federal Regimental Losses

5. Confederate Regimental Losses

6. Federal Generals killed or mortally wounded in battle

7. Confederate Generals killed or mortally wounded in battle

8. Prisoners of War

9. Strength of the Armies

10. Organization of Federal and Confederate Armies

11. The Regiment as called for by Confederate and Federal regulations

1. The Bloodiest Battles

Total Casualties

Gettysburg

Federal: 23,053

Confederate: 28,063

The Seven Days

Federal 15,849

Confederate 20,614

Chickamauga

Federal 16,170

Confederate 18,454

Chancellorsville or Second Fredericksburg

Federal 16,845

Confederate 12,764

The Wilderness

Federal 17,666

Confederate 7,500

Antietam

Federal 12,410

Confederate 10,316

Second Manassas or Chantilly

Federal 16,054

Confederate 9,286

Shiloh

Federal 13,047

Confederate 10,694

Stones River

Federal 9,532

Confederate 9,239

Fredericksburg

Federal 12,653

Confederate 5,309

 

2. Federal Army Casualties

Killed in action or mortally wounded

110,100

Killed in action

67,088

Mortally wounded

43,012

Died of disease

224,580

Died as prisoners of war

30,192

Other types of non-battle deaths:

24,881

Accidents

4,114

Drowned

4,944

Murdered

520

Killed after capture

104

Suicide

391

Executed by Federal authorities

267

Executed by the enemy

64

Sunstroke

313

Other causes

2,043

Cause not stated

12,121

Total Deaths

389,753

Wounded in Action

275,175

Total casualties, 1861 to 1865

664,928

 

3. Confederate Army Casualties
(statistics incomplete)

Killed in action or mortally wounded

94,000

Died of disease

164,000

Died as prisoners of war

31,000

Total Deaths

289,000

Wounded in action

194,026

Total casualties, 1861 to 1865

483,026

 

4. Federal Regimental Losses

Most men killed or died of wounds during term of service

1st Maine Heavy Artillery

23 officers, 400 men

5th New Hampshire Infantry

18 officers, 277 men

Most men killed or died of wounds in a single battle

1st Maine Heavy Artillery

210 - Petersburg, June 18, 1864

5th New York Infantry

117 - 2nd Bull Run, August 30, 1862

 

5. Confederate Regimental Losses

Most casualties suffered in a single battle

26th North Carolina

86 killed, 588 wounded -Gettysburg

6th Alabama

91 killed, 277 wounded - Seven Pines

4th North Carolina

77 killed, 286 wounded - Seven Pines

44th Georgia

71 killed, 264 wounded - Mechanicsville

1st South Carolina

81 killed, 140 wounded - Gaines Mill

Due to incomplete or missing records, no accurate losses can be determined after July 1863.

 

6. Federal Generals killed or mortally wounded in battle

Army Commanders

Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson

Atlanta

Corps Commanders

Maj. Gen. Joseph K. Mansfield

Antietam

Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds

Gettysburg

Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick

Spotsylvania

Division Commanders

Maj. Gen. Isaac I. Stevens

Chantilly

Maj. Gen. Philip Kearny

Chantilly

Maj. Gen. Jesse L. Reno

South Mountain

Maj. Gen. Israel B. Richardson

Antietam

Maj. Gen. Amiel W. Whipple

Chancellorsville

Maj. Gen. Hiram G. Berry

Chancellorsville

Maj. Gen. James S. Wadsworth

Wilderness

Maj. Gen. David A. Russell

Opequon

Brig. Gen. William H. Wallace

Shiloh

Brig. Gen. Thomas Williams

Baton Rouge

Brig. Gen. James S. Jackson

Chaplin Hills

Brig. Gen. Isaac P. Rodman

Antietam

Brig. Gen. Thomas G. Stevenson

Spotsylvania

Brig. Gen. James A. Mulligan

Winchester

 

7. Confederate Generals killed or mortally wounded in battle

Army Commanders

Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston

Shiloh

Corps Commanders

Lieut. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson

Chancellorsville

Lieut. Gen. Leonidas Polk

Pine Mountain

Lieut. Gen. Ambrose P. Hill

Petersburg

Division Commanders

Maj. Gen. William D. Pender

Gettysburg

Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart

Yellow Tavern

Maj. Gen. William H. Walker

Atlanta

Maj. Gen. Robert E. Rodes

Opequon

Maj. Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur

Cedar Creek

Maj. Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne

Franklin

Brig. Gen. John Pegram

Hatcher's Run

 

8. Prisoners of War

Federal Prisoners

211,411 prisoners of war

16,668 paroled on the field

30,218 died in prison

15.5% mortality rate

Confederate Prisoners

462,634 prisoners of war

247,769 paroled on the field

25,976 died in prison

12% mortality rate

(All prisoner statistics are based on partial or unverifiable statistics)

 

9. Strength of the Armies: Comparison of Federal and Confederate forces
(These numbers reflect men present for duty on the day given.)

Date

USA

CSA

January 1, 1861
(Regular army)

14,663

----------

July 1, 1861

186,751

112,040

January 1, 1862

527,204

258,680

March 31, 1862

533,984

-----------

June 30, 1862

----------

224,146

January 1, 1863

698,802

304,015

January 1, 1864

611,250

277,970

June 30, 1864

----------

194,764

January 1, 1865

620,924

196,764

March 31, 1865

657,747

----------

May 1, 1865

1,000,516

----------

 

10. Organization of Federal and Confederate Armies

2 Battalions = 1 Regiment

3 - 4 Regiments = 1 Brigade

3 Brigades = 1 Division

3 Divisions = 1 Corps

 

11. The Regiment as called for by Confederate and Federal regulations

Field and Staff

Company

1 Colonel

1 Captain

1 Lieutenant Colonel

1 First Lieutenant

1 Major

1 Second Lieutenant

1 Adjutant

1 First Sergeant

1 Quartermaster

4 Sergeants

1 Surgeon

8 Corporals

2 Assistant Surgeons

2 Musicians

1 Chaplain (none in Confederate regulations)

1 Wagoner

1 Sergeant Major

82 Privates

1 Quartermaster Sergeant

1 Commissary Sergeant

1 Hospital Steward

2 Principal Musicians

10 Companies:
845 to 1,010 officers and men

Field and staff:
15 officers and noncommissioned officers

Heavy Artillery Regiments (U.S.):
12 Companies- - -1,800 officers and men.

 

(All statistics gathered from Time-Life Books: The Civil War series)