Vztah města a hradu na území Jižní Moravy a Dolního Rakouska

Title in English The Relationship between Towns and Castles in South Moravia and Lower Austria


Year of publication 2014
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference FUMA VIII./1-2
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Archaeology, anthropology, ethnology
Keywords Town; Castle; Fortification; Middle Ages; Low Austria; South Moravia
Description The links between castles and towns in the neighbouring territories of Moravia and Austria were similar. Castles ruled the settlements below them, even if they were small and actually attached to them (e. g. baileys and German Burgstadt). The dominance of a seat situated above a settlement was also apparent with large towns with direct contacts with castles, in other cases castles helped protect the exposed sides of towns. These towns could not be defended without the collaboration between the town and castle garrisons. This was also true with castles of a passive location in comparison, two castles in Retz significantly enhanced the town´s defensibility. In cases of close proximity and sitting above towns, castles were dominant even without connections with towns, yet the distance meant looser contacts. However, castles adjoining towns (sometimes incorrectly termed „urban castles“) were invariably separated from them by fortifications and were capable on independent defence.

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