Okrouhlé věže na hradech v českých zemích a jejich inspirační zdroje

Title in English Round castle Towers in the in Czech Lands and sources of their inspiration

PLAČEK Miroslav

Year of publication 2018
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description Brick castles, with one main tower in the lands of the Czech Crown, began to be formed at the turn of 1200. In the south of Czechia, under the influence of the Uper-Western neirghtbourhood of the Danubian Lowland, there were angular towers. The type of bergfried towers (diameter about 10 m) penetrated from France trough Alsace, Lorraine and Rheinland to Czechia, Silesia, Moravia and from Silesia to Lesser Poland (Malopolska) and eastern Slovakia, and from there to parts of Hungary, and even to Transylvania. Partially, these cylindrical towers penetrated from southern Moravia to Lower Austria. German origin had large round residential towers (Hamburg, Wettin, Groitzsch, etc.). The bergfried type of towers appeared, among others, in castles in Prague, Vyšehrad and Mělník. Castles with two round towers on an elongated plan (as in Checiny) occured in Germany (in Sachsen-Anhalt, the castle Münzenberg), and in Czechia – in Vitějovice, and near Pardubice (Kunětická Hora).

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