A characterisation study of Ubaid period ceramics from As-Sabbiya, Kuwait, using a non-destructive portable X-Ray fluorescence (pXRF) spectrometer and petrographic analyses

This publication doesn't include Faculty of Arts. It includes Faculty of Science. Official publication website can be found on muni.cz.

Authors

ASHKANANI Hasan J. TYKOT Robert H. AL-JUBOURY Ali Ismail STREMTAN Ciprian C. PETŘÍK Jan SLAVÍČEK Karel

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aae.12143
Keywords Arabian Gulf; Bahra 1; Kuwait pottery; pXRF; Ubaid period
Description The Ubaid cultural phenomena (6500–4200 BC) of southern Mesopotamia has been used to characterise other archaeological sites in the Arabian Gulf region. The aim of this inquiry is to explore the nature of the interaction between the homeland of the Ubaid and the wider Gulf region. Through the use of a non-destructive portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) spectrometer, this study seeks to characterise and identify the chemical and mineralogical compositions of the ceramic assemblage from the Bahra 1 site of the As-Sabbiya region, Kuwait. The chemical results demonstrated that a combination of six trace elements [rubidium (Rb), strontium (Sr), yttrium (Y), zirconium (Zr), niobium (Nb) and barium (Ba)] occur significantly enough to delineate clay-based artifact groups – local red coarse from Ubaid, while the mineralogical analysis confirms the pXRF result and identifies the source of the raw materials and temper as well. Also, the comparison between the Ubaid and Bronze Age assemblage results suggests that potters used different clay resources within their own regions and/or production techniques.