Tracing the Neolithic transition through the first pottery (Neopot) (presented on the EAA 2021, Kiel)

Authors

TÓTH Peter PETŘÍK Jan BICKLE Penny PETR Libor SLAVÍČEK Karel ADAMEKOVÁ Katarína POKUTTA Dalia

Year of publication 2021
Type Conference abstract
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Description In this paper we will use the most common archaeological find – pottery – to reveal new perspectives of the spread of farming in the Pannonian region. How did pottery first appear in this area? Was it moved by people or was it a local innovation, learned from farming cultures to the south? By application of ground-breaking analytical methods we approach this research question through four inter-related topics: a high resolution mathematical model of radiocarbon dates, technological traditions of pottery, cooking practices (such as the first appearance of dairy products) and provenance of the pottery. Together this forms the basis of the NeoPot project. In this paper, we will focus on presenting a method of treating the samples for 14C dating, which produced highly precise absolute data. Preliminary results show the earliest pottery appeared in SW Slovakia around 5600 BC, which corresponds with the formative phase of the LBK in Transdanubia (Szentgyörgyvölgy-Pittyerdomb) and Lower Austria (Brunn am Gebirge). Preliminary results of the ceramic technology study of the earliest pottery show the use of grass instead of chaff, which contrasts with Starčevo and Körö/Criş traditions in terms of firing temperature and tempering practices. The work is supported by Grant Agency of the Czech Republic under the contract No. GA20-19542S
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