Střední vrstvy a konskripce obyvatelstva. Sociální stratifikace konskripčních patentů z let 1777 a 1804

Title in English The middle class and inhabitants conscription. Social stratification of conscription charters of 1777 to 1804.


Year of publication 2002
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Jana Machačová - Jiří Matějček (edd.), Studie k sociálním dějinám, sv. 10
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field History
Keywords Czech lands; social history; historical demography; history of law
Description The General Census of Souls, performed in Austria first in 1777, showed not only the total number of inhabitants but also its social stratification. In the both Conscription Charters (of 1777 and 1804) the purposeful division of the male population was dictated by the liability for enlistment. The unintentional by-product of the purposeful privileged sectioning was the take up of those who were the genuine draught horses of the national economic development. Indeed, the significant share in the needful that were excepted from the liability for enlistment had the middle class. The Conscription Charters show not only the increasing interest of the state in the influx of fresh force in the army, however, also a weak point of the entire system, in which the poor but, first of all, healthy part of the population was excluded from the process of family establishing in favour of maintaining costly national military ambitions.

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