Dvojí pojem metafory v Kantově estetice

Title in English Double Concept of Metaphor in Kant's Aestetics


Year of publication 2008
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Ľ. Belás & E. Andreanský (eds.): Človek – dejiny – kultúra II
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Philosophy and religion
Keywords metaphor;aesthetic idea;symbolic presentation
Description The term 'metaphor' is rare to the writings of Kant. However, it doesn't imply that he ignored or did not question the ubiquity of metaphors. In the present paper, I want to discuss two cardinal concepts of Kant's aesthetics viz., the aesthetic idea and the symbolic presentation. Behind both are contained structures which can be seen as explications of the function of the metaphor. The problem of metaphor has come to a noteworthy revival and to the subject of many competitive studies in analytical philosophy. Among them can be found - formulated surely in very different concepts - the two theories from The Critique of Judgement. Despite a considerable amount of agreement, these theories diverge in the key issue of the usefulness of the notion of the metaphorical meaning. While Max Black's account is based on the idea of the metaphorical meaning, Donald Davidson on the other hand argued that such an idea cannot explain the function of the metaphor. This undecided issue can be transposed back into the aesthetical theory of Kant as the issue, whether the function of aesthetical ideas can be reduced to a symbolic presentation of moral rational ideas.

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