Optimism and Health-related Behaviour in Czech University Students and Adults

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DOSEDLOVÁ Jaroslava KLIMUSOVÁ Helena BUREŠOVÁ Iva JELÍNEK Martin SLEZÁČKOVÁ Alena VAŠINA Lubomír

Rok publikování 2015
Druh Článek ve sborníku
Konference Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Citace
www http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_method=list&_hubEid=1-s2.0-S1877042815X00061&_auth=y&_version=1&refSource=toc&_pubType=J&PDF_DDM_MAX=20&_cid=277811&md5=bd8c14893f41b9980fb84f3007aed99b&chunk=0&view=c&go=next&chunkSize=100&hitCoun
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.278
Obor Psychologie
Klíčová slova optimism; pessimism; healt-related behavior
Popis The exploratory study, conducted as a part of a research project supported by the Czech Science Foundation (No. 13-19808S), attempted to shed more light on the interrelations between dispositional optimism/pessimism, explanatory style optimism/pessimism, defensive pessimism/strategic optimism, and health-related behaviour. The main objective was to test whether findings obtained on American population and several European samples concerning positive relationships between optimism and health-related activity, and between pessimism and passivity, can be replicated on a Czech sample. The analysis of data from 268 respondents aged between 16 and 96 did not confirm any significant associations between different types of optimism/pessimism and health behaviours except for one: Promotion of mental well-being was predicted by defensive pessimism and by optimistic explanatory style, especially the stability dimension. The study also addresses the complex interrelations between different optimism/pessimism constructs, health-related behaviour, and subjective health problems.
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