Rituals as costly signals: Does ritual intensity affect participants‘ attractiveness? A field study from Mauritius

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Název česky Rituály ako nákladné signály: Zvyšuje rituálna intenzita atraktivitu participantov? Terénna štúdia z Mauríciusu

MAŇO Peter

Rok publikování 2016
Druh Další prezentace na konferencích
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Popis The general research question posed by many anthropologists studying rituals is “why people do it?” Evolutionary oriented researchers therefore focus on exploring the adaptive value of rituals, so whether they somehow contribute to an individual’s survival and reproduction. To address these questions, I found myself on the island of Mauritius, where I have spent almost two years doing fieldwork, especially on religious rituals. In my research I am applying a theoretical model from human behavioural ecology, which targets the measuring and recording of ritual investments in an individual’s lifetime and the variation of such investments within- and between groups. More specifically, I explore ritual investments through the lenses of the theory of costly signalling, that sees them as reliable indicators of individual’s qualities, which are selected for by his future cooperative partners.Methodologically, the model rests on the assumption of optimal decision making that maximizes fitness enhancing (adaptive) behaviours.
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