An attempt at an etymological analysis of Ptolemy´s hydronyms of Eastern Balticum

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BLAŽEK Václav

Rok publikování 2017
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Acta Linguistica Lithuanica
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Citace
Obor Jazykověda
Klíčová slova hydronym; etymology; calque; Germanic; Baltic
Popis Four hydronyms from East Balticum mediated by Ptolemy in the mid-2nd cent. CE and repeated with certain modifications by Marcian in the 4th cent. CE look as Germanic calques on the primary Baltic river-names, probably with one exception, Rhúbo:n, allowing the direct Baltic etymology based on Latvian rubenis "grouse" and its identification with the Irbe River of the same sense. The Khrónos & Chronius River was probably called after the Mare Cronium, perhaps corresponding with one of the Vistula or Curonian Lagoons or their tributaries, Pregel, 1273 Pregora, or Akmena respectively. The hydronym probably reflects Germanic *hrauna- "stony soil, gravel" & *hraunija- / *hraunijo:(n)- "heap of s
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