Enciklopedijski rad u česko etnologiji



Rok publikování 2019
Druh Další prezentace na konferencích
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Popis Encyclopaedias and encyclopaedic dictionaries crown the knowledge about particular disciplines in certain time intervals. The first encyclopaedia of the Czechoslovak people, which was, however, not implemented, is associated with the Prague Czechoslovak Ethnographic Exhibition in 1895. In the inter-war Czechoslovak Republic, the synthesis of period knowledge about folk culture was part of the volumes Člověk [The Human Being] (1933) and Národopis [The Ethnography] (1936) in Československá vlastivěda [Czechoslovakia in All Its Aspects]. The socialistic Czechoslovak ethnography and folkloristics published its understanding of the discipline in the volume Lidová kultura [Folk Culture] (1968) with parallel Czech and Slovak sections. The Czech lexicographic work is crowned by the publication Lidová kultura. Národopisná encyklopedie Čech, Moravy a Slezska [Folk Culture. An Ethnographic Encyclopaedia of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia] (2007), which reflects the traditional understanding of the discipline as well as the changes heading towards the European ethnology. The compendium includes the Biographic Section (1t Volume) and the Subject Section (2nd and 3rd Volume), which consists of seven lexicographic groups: 1) The Theory and the Methodology of the Discipline; 2) The History of Ethnography; 3) Ethnographic Areas; 4) Tangible Culture; 5) Folk Fine Arts; 6) Folklore and Folkloristics, and 7) Spiritual Culture. Stanislav Bouček (Institute of Ethnology of the Czech Academy of Sciences) and Richard Jeřábek (Institute of European Ethnology, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University in Brno) were the leading editors of the encyclopaedia; ethnologists from academic and museum spheres alongside emeritus experts participated in elaborating the entries divided into three categories as to their importance.

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