The Logic of Exemplarity

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MÁCHA Jakub

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Law & Literature
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Filozofická fakulta

Citace
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Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1535685X.2020.1779513
Klíčová slova exemplarity;example;singularity;universality;standard metre;différance;paraconsistent and paracomplete logic;Jacques Derrida;Ludwig Wittgenstein
Přiložené soubory
Popis The topic of exemplarity has attracted considerable interest in philosophy, legal theory, literary studies and art recently. There is broad consensus that exemplary cases mediate between singular instances and general concepts or norms. The aim of this article is to provide an additional perspective on the logic of exemplarity. First, inspired by Jacques Derrida’s discussion of exemplarity, I shall argue that there is a kind of différance between (singular) examples and (general) exemplars. What an example exemplifies, the exemplarity of the example, eludes any fixed identity and follows a logic of supplement. Second, I shall present the so-called logic of exemplarity. The received paraconsistent view has it that the exemplar of X is an X and, at the same time, is not an X. Inspired by Ludwig Wittgenstein’s discussion of the standard metre, I would like to present an alternative paracomplete view whereby we can say of an exemplar of X neither that it is an X nor that it is not an X.
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