Being Mindful at University: A Pilot Evaluation of the Feasibility of an Online Mindfulness-Based Mental Health Support Program for Students

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Publikace nespadá pod Filozofickou fakultu, ale pod Lékařskou fakultu. Oficiální stránka publikace je na webu muni.cz.

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SVĚTLÁK Miroslav LINHARTOVÁ Pavla KNEJZLÍKOVÁ Terézia KNEJZLÍK Jakub KÓŠA Barbora HORNÍČKOVÁ Veronika JAROLÍNOVÁ Kristýna LUČANSKÁ Klaudia SLEZÁČKOVÁ Alena ŠUMEC Rastislav

Rok publikování 2021
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Frontiers in Psychology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Lékařská fakulta

Citace
www https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.581086/full?&utm_source=Email_to_authors_&utm_medium=Email&utm_content=T1_11.5e1_author&utm_campaign=Email_publication&field=&journalName=Frontiers_in_Psychology&id=581086
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.581086
Klíčová slova mindfulness; online intervention; self-compassion; emotion regulation; life satisfaction; eHealth
Popis University study can be a life period of heightened psychological distress for many students. The development of new preventive and intervention programs to support well-being in university students is a fundamental challenge for mental health professionals. We designed an 8-week online mindfulness-based program (eMBP) combining a face-to-face approach, text, audio, video components, and support psychotherapy principles with a unique intensive reminder system using the Facebook Messenger and Slack applications in two separate runs (N = 692). We assessed the program's effect on mindful experiencing, perceived stress, emotion regulation strategies, self-compassion, negative affect, and quality of life. The results of the presented pilot study confirmed that eMBP is a feasible and effective tool in university students' mental health support. The students who completed the eMBP reported a reduction of perceived stress with a large effect size ((p)eta(2) = 0.42) as well as a decrease of negative affect experience frequency and intensity ((p)eta(2) = 0.31), an increase of being mindful in their life (Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire subscales:(p)eta(2) = 0.21, 0.27, 0.25, 0.28, 0.28), and a higher rate of self-compassion ((p)eta(2) = 0.28) with a medium effect size. A small effect size was found in the frequency of using a cognitive reappraisal strategy ((p)eta(2) = 0.073). One new result is the observation of an eMBP effect ((p)eta(2) = 0.27) on the decrease in attributed importance to the quality-of-life components replicated in two consecutive runs of the program. The study affirms that mindfulness-based interventions can be effectively delivered in an eHealth form to university students.
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