Tzv. státní škola v ruské historiografii: zachycení jejích počátků a zformování v dobovém odborném tisku

Title in English State school of Russian historians: rendering of its outset and formation in the contemporary scholarly press

ŠAUR Josef

Year of publication 2012
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Slovanský přehled
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field History
Keywords “state school“; “historical-legal school“; Russian historiography; K. D. Kavelin; S. M. Solovyov; B. N. Chicherin
Attached files
Description The “state school” represents one of the most significant currents in the Russian historiography of the 19th century. It is associated with the names of K. D. Kavelin, S. M. Solovyov and B. N. Chicherin. The term “state school” is conventionally used as strictly given and widely comprehensible nowadays, i.e. without attempts to find a more precise definition of it. However; the term has gone through many transformations during its 160 years of existence: the school was called variously (new historical school, historical-legal school, legal school etc.), historians differed in their opinions on who belongs to the school and the Soviet historiography greatly ideologized a conception of it. Since the 1990s there have been debates going on concerned with ridding the term of its ideological sediment and defining it in a new way. The paper offers a detailed analysis of the foundation of the “state school” in the second half of the 1840s in the works of Kavelin and Solovyov and follows its development up to the 1860s, when the formation of the school rounded off with the works of Chicherin. The established facts are then confronted with rendering of the activities of the school in the contemporary press and historiography, in order to demonstrate which historiographical conceptions were justified. The article presents the conception of the “state school” in the works of M. P. Pogodin, V. G. Belinsky, N. G. Chernyshevsky, I. Y. Zabelina and particularly in the works of N. K. Bestuzhev-Ryumin and P. N. Milyukov.
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