"Machři" a "diletanti". Základní jednotky filmové praxe v době reorganizací a politických zvratů 1945 až 1962

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Title in English “Veterans” and “dilettantes”: basic production teams in the times of political changes, 1945–1962


Year of publication 2012
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description In this essay I look at historical developments of the basic production teams of the Czech film industry after World War II and during the toughest period of the Communist rule between 1948 and 1962. The basic production teams were of three kinds: 1. so-called dramaturgical units, 2. the crews, and 3. basic Communist and union cells of creative or technical personnel which interacted with the previous two categories. Focusing on the first category, the essay asks a question of how the top-down political and cultural reforms interfered with otherwise resistant production routines and hierarchies of the local "production culture" (see Caldwell 2008). It also raises a question of to what extent did these reforms come under the category of so-called Sovietization, to what degree were they hybridized by local or even German traditions, and why they didn't succeed to change either the system and the culture of film production. Two examples of failed top-down reorganizations affecting daily production routines are used as symptomatic cases: an experiment with changing the Barrandov studios into an industrial factory integrating all production personnel in one place, and a project of creating a new generation of Communist, or proletarian filmmakers to replace the old "veterans", supposedly corrupt by bourgeois ideology of the immoral film world, nicknamed "film jungle".
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