Zobrazení posmrtných soudů v tibetském překladu Sútry o deseti králích: popis a komparativní analýza

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Title in English Depiction of post-mortem judgments in the Tibetan version of the Sutra of the Ten Kings


Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Philologica, Orientalia Pragensia
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Philosophy and religion
Keywords post-mortem judgments; Tibetan Buddhism; Sutra of the Ten Kings
Description Buddhist thanatology is based on varied source texts of which the best known and most popular are those telling about the post-mortem Jama judgment and depicting diverse hell torments. Tibetan thanatological texts also include drawn, painted or xylographic illustrations, which visually represent such torments in naturalistic and colorful manner. This contribution deals with visual representation of Chinese and Tibetan Buddhist thanatology, using primarily the comparative approach. Similarly it deals with one, not yet published (and not yet processed) depiction of post-mortem judgments, present in Asian collections of the National Gallery in Prague. These illustrations accompany the Tibetan translation of the Chinese text known as the Sutra of the Ten Kings. Chinese texts concerning the ten kings are usually illustrated with depictions of ten courts and this is also the case of the illuminated Tibetan manuscript from Prague. Some of the accompanying pictures resemble the Chinese original; however, some of them bear remarkably innovative features.
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