Figement de séquences défigées : un commerce devenu inéquitable (version révisée)

Title in English Multi-words expressions derived from older ones : an unfair trade

CUSIMANO Christophe Gérard L.

Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Pratiques - Littérature, linguistique et difactique
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Linguistics
Keywords fixed multi words expressions; fixed expressions and idioms derivation; set phrases; hermeneutics; puns; variation
Description It is commonly admitted that fixed multi words expressions (MWEs), term preferred in NLP, or fixed expressions and idioms (FEIs), constitute more or less the half-part of the lexicon of any language, and the way one handles them is thus essential to speak like native speakers. But since linguistics is based on the decomposition of minimal language units, we find noteworthy that they rarely take part of dictionaries. In this study, although we agree that stability and fixedness differ among FEIs and that each of them shows a characteristic behaviour on the morphological, syntactical, and semantic levels, we will only focus on the hermeneutical conditions of their variation, and more particularly on puns. In a few cases, puns are obtained by derivation of one or more segments of the FEI and the lexicalisation of modified FEIs is thus particularly interesting: let us take the case of commerce equitable (788 000 occurrences following and 20 200 for the modified FEI, commerce inéquitable). In this example, the modified FEI seems to meet the needs of communication: commerce inequitable can be used in every discourse situation dedicated to neglect the improvement of workers conditions around the world. This article deals with the conditions that explain the lexicalisation of new FEIs derived on the basis of older ones.

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