Food preference for milk and dairy products

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Authors

DERFLEROVÁ BRÁZDOVÁ Zuzana KLIMUSOVÁ Helena VORLOVÁ Lenka FIALA Jindřich

Year of publication 2014
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta Veterinaria Brno
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.2754/avb201483S10S41
Field Hygiene
Keywords food group; food preference; food liking; intergenerational differences; gender differences
Description Milk and dairy products constitute an important source of energy and nutrients for humans. Food preferences may significantly influence the actual consumption (and thus nutrition) of people at the population level. The objective of the present large-scale survey was to specify current preferences for milk and dairy products with regard to age and gender. The study was conducted across the Moravia region, Czech Republic, on a sample of 451 individuals divided into 4 age groups: children, adolescents, young adults, and elderly people. A graphic scale questionnaire was administered, with respondents rating their degree of preference for each food item by drawing a mark on a 35 mm line. Out of the 115 items in the questionnaire, 11 items represented dairy products. Data was analysed by means of a general linear model using IBM SPSS Statistics software. Preference for milk was lower in the elderly group than the other groups (p<0.01). In children, the most preferred dairy product was cream, which was in contrast with the elderly group. Significant gender differences were only found with low-fat yoghurt (p<0.01). The overall preference for dairy products (21.61) was lower than the average preference for all foods on the list (22.50). The cross-sectional study revealed intergenerational differences in preferences for specific dairy products, which were most marked in case of cream, processed cheese, blue cheese and buttermilk. The knowledge of these differences might help promote more focused action at the community level directed at increasing the overall consumption of dairy products in the population.

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