Jak analyzovat myšlenkové experimenty?

Title in English How to analyze thought experiments?


Year of publication 2015
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description Thought experimenting, i.e. contemplating of imaginary scenarios is favorite but sometimes despised way of scientific or philosophical work. Particular cases are welcomed for its clearness, however the speculative nature and fallibility are seen as hurdle. I present three approaches to analysis of thought experiments - experimentalism, inferentialism and minimalism. I am particularly interested in three questions: What are thought experiments? What is their structure? What is their role? I advocate the minimalist approach. My main goal is paradoxical defense of thought experiments. I argue that hypothetical scenarios in philosophy and science are usually trivial and therefore valuable and functional.
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