Factors of positive social functioning in the context of transforming societies: Results of the Brno Longitudinal Study on Life-Span Human Development



Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Ceskoslovenska Psychologie/Czechoslovak Psychology
Web http://cspsych.psu.cas.cz/files/cspsych_supplement2015.pdf
Keywords social functioning; transforming societies; longitudinal study; personality
Description The aim of the study was to predict adaptive social functioning in terms of career stability in middle adulthood based on personality and socio-economic variables from childhood/adolescence and early adulthood. 83 people have participated in an ongoing longitudinal study started in 1961 (54 % women). Personality traits were measured by means of Maudsley Personality Inventory at the age of 16 years. Socio-economic variables included information about parental socio-economic status and the participants’ highest education. Career stability was established using Life Calendar Method. We distinguish two adaptive career lines (stable and changeable) and one non-adaptive career line (unstable). We have identified expected but not significant influences of socio-economic status on career stability: stable career is more frequent among people with higher education while unstable career line is more usual among people with lower education. We have found also intergenerational continuity in both dimensions of socio-economic status: education and occupation (parental SES and participant´s SES). As the only personality predictor of type of career line we have identified extraversion in adolescence: changeable career is more frequent in extraverts, while unstable career is more frequently seen in introverts.

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