Slovesný čas a fokalizace. K otázce narativní vzdálenosti ve francouzské literatuře

Title in English Grammatical tense and focalization. Towards the problem of narrative distance in French literature
Authors

KYLOUŠEK Petr

Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Bohemica Olomucensia
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Field Mass media, audiovision
Keywords narrator's perspective; focalization; narrative distance; narrating instance; verbal system
Attached files
Description The article focuses on one of the aspects of narrator's perspective, or to be more specific, the focalization, for which we propose the term narrative distance. It is not the question of perspective but rather the question of phenomenological intention that is by means of focalization shown in the relation between the narrator and the narrated, or between the narrating instance that implies possible readers and the narrated world the parts of which the characters may be. This configuration is dynamic and variable when reading the text. To grasp it means to specify and better distinguish the setting of meaning in narrative strategies. Our ideas follow the articles by French theorists and are based on the analyses of French works of fiction. It is so, among other reasons, because the French verbal system better shows the language features that are discussed here than the Czech one. Therefore, the French as well as the French literary texts are mentioned in the first place. However, we believe that the outcomes of this article are general and may be applied to Czech literature too no matter how different its language code, and operations and means are.
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