Umělecká výměna mezi Vídní, Mnichovem a zeměmi Koruny české kolem roku 1900

Title in English Artistic Exchange between Vienna, Munich and the Lands of Bohemian Crown around 1900


Year of publication 2014
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description The concept of the artistic exchange should take the place of the older thought-model of a subordinate and derivative relation of peripheries to a centre. One of arguments in support of this concept is a well known sentence of Joseph Roth from his novel The Capuchin Tomb, that the Austrian substance is permanently nourished by its crown lands. The aim of the paper is an analysis of concrete modes of the artistic exchange in Central Europe around 1900. For visual artists of both country languages from Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, Munich and Vienna were (beside Paris) the most attractive metropolis at that time, not only as the places of their training, but also because of an advanced infrastructure of associations and exhibitions and a favorable cultural milieu. On the other hand, the Czech political representation had mostly reservation about the Viennese centre and its art nouveau was usually low judged by Czech art critics as well. Artists fumbled then with the conflict between aspects of a cosmopolitan modernism and national interests. Already at the end of the 19th century and especially after the First World War, the public was inclined to think that Paris is unifying both the cultural and the political ideal for the lands of Bohemian Crown, while central-European connections were for a long time omitted or undervalued.
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