Health-related Behavior over the Course of Life in the Czech Republic

Authors

DOSEDLOVÁ Jaroslava KLIMUSOVÁ Helena BUREŠOVÁ Iva

Year of publication 2016
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.02.137
Field Psychology
Keywords health-related behaviour; life span
Description This study presents partial results of an extensive research project (Grant Agency n. 13-19808S). The aim is to map health-related behaviour over the course of life in the Czech Republic and to examine how four age groups (20 – 35, 36-50, 51 – 65, 65 and older) differ in components of their health-related behaviour. The research sample consisted of 1,268 respondents (69 % women) between 20 and 93 years of age. For rating, our research used the Health-related Behaviour Scale (Dosedlová,Slováčková, Klimusová, 2013). Via Principal Component Analysis (with Varimax rotation), we extracted five factors of healthrelated behaviour. The means of factor scores of health-related behaviour in the individual age groups were compared via General Linear Model. The five factors explaining 44 % of the total variance of the 34 initial items of health-related behaviour are as follows: healthy diet, mental health, daily regimen, physical activity, and avoidance of addictive/harmful substances. The four age groups (20 – 35, 36 – 50, 51 – 65, 65+) differ significantly in all health-related behaviour factors with the exception of mental hygiene. With increasing age, individuals tend to increase their healthy food intake, keep daily regimen and avoid addictive substances; however, the amount of physical activity decreases with age.
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