Hliněná nebo dřevěná stavba? Ke kombinaci stavebních materiálů u vesnických staveb

Title in English Mud or a Wooden House? On the Combination of Building Materials in Village Buildings

VÁLKA Miroslav

Year of publication 2016
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Zdravé domy 2016
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Archaeology, anthropology, ethnology
Keywords mud; wooden; building materials
Description The area of historical Pannonia, i.e. the Mid-Danube area, is considered to be a territory with the occurrence of mud houses. However, as the researches of the Hungarian ethnographers showed, the change in building material is a consequence of the modern liquidation of forest covers, so earth as a building material has been dominating since the 19th century here. A similar situation seems to have been in Central and South-Eastern Moravia where the building regulations forbade to use timber – due to its flammability – as the only building material. In addition to houses made solely of mud, buildings made of combination of both materials can be found in some areas of the observed region: 1) a timbered house coated with a thick layer of mud or 2) a wooden frame filled with mud, but in a way different from the one used in traditional timber-framed buildings.
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