Adjectives co-occurring with the illative form of the MA-infinitive in Finnish and Estonian



Year of publication 2016
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Lähivordlusi. Lähivertailuja 26
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Linguistics
Keywords illative; MA-infinitive; supine; cognitive grammar; constructional schema; adjective; antonymy
Description In both Finnish and Estonian, the illative form of the MA-infinitive/supine can be used at the end of a predicative clause, as in the Finnish olemme hitaita oppimaan (‘we learn slowly’) or the Estonian olen küps seda aktsepteerima (‘I am ready/ripe to accept it’). In these sentences, a characteristic expressed by an adjective is attributed to the subject of the sentence, with the scope of the characteristic related to a single activity marked by the illative form of the MA-infinitive/supine. In this paper I present data to describe this type of construction in both languages and analyze it as a constructional schema in terms of cognitive grammar. My analysis concentrates on the adjectival component of the schema with the help of examples from Estonian and Finnish corpora.
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