Zvládání u dětí a dospívajících po léčbě onkologického onemocnění a jeho vztah k výskytu depresivní symptomatologie

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Title in English Coping in childhood cancer survivors and its relationship to depressive symptomatology
Authors

BLAŽKOVÁ Tereza BLATNÝ Marek JELÍNEK Martin KOUTNÁ Veronika KEPÁK Tomáš

Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Ceskoslovenska Psychologie/Czechoslovak Psychology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Citation
Field Psychology
Keywords pediatric cancer, childhood cancer survivors, coping strategies
Description Objectives. The purpose of this study is to map the coping strategies used by childhood cancer survivors during the treatment and also in their current life and to find a relationship between coping strategies and the rate of depressive symptomatology. Sample and setting. The research group consists of 65 adolescent childhood cancer survivors (M=18,29; SD=2,71). Coping strategies and depression symptoms were assessed through KIDCOPE and CDI (Children´s Depression Inventory). Hypotheses. Adolescent childhood cancer survivors use significantly more avoidance coping strategies during the treatment. They use significantly more approach coping strategies in longterm remission. Certain coping strategies (e.g. resignation, social support) contribute to lower rate of depressive symptoms. Statistical analysis. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon signed rank test and Spearman´s correlation through SPSS. Results. Resignation (avoidant coping) and social support (approach coping) were the most used coping strategies during the treatment in both girls and boys. The use of coping strategies in current life was more steady. Cognitive restructuring seems to be effective strategy both during the treatment and in long-term remission in both girls and boys. In contrast emotion regulation, blaming others, social withdrawal and social isolation used both during the treatment and in long-term remission are associated with more depressive symptoms but only in boys. Study limitations. The main study limitation is retrospective information retrieval using questionnaire form several years after treatment that can cause distortion of information by adolescents.

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