Jak vznikal welfare state? Soukromé pojišťovací instituce jako faktický počátek struktur sociálního státu

Title in English What is the origin of welfare state? Private insurance institutions as a factual beginning of the social state


Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Scientia et Societas
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Management and administrative
Keywords social state; mutuals; social insurance
Description For the evolution of the welfare state it seems to be significant that its structures are built largely on existing structures of private insurance schemes, which the nascent welfare state have adapted to its needs. It appears that in most of Europe these institutions, combining the elements of the civil community and the insurance system, represent the key interlink between charitable and philanthropic systems. This article will be focused to the phenomenon of so called Friendly Societes in the UK, self-help associations. Friendly societes were emerging in pre-modern era and their dense and pervasive structures were used in the 1912 for implementation of National Insurance Act, which laid the foundations of a state-controlled system of compulsory social insurance.
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