Nejstarší dějiny voltiže a jezdecké akrobacie

Title in English Ancient History of Vaulting and Horse Riding Acrobatics


Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Česká kinantropologie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field History
Keywords acrobatics; apobatés; desultor; games with bulls; kalpé; horse; vaulting
Description The paper deals with the ancient history of vaulting and horse riding acrobatics, it is also trying to point out to the same tendency in the present. It deals with acrobatics on an animal in Crete and especially with formation and development of equestrian acrobatics in Graeco-Roman antiquity, in which it was developed primarily from the survivals of Mycenaean warfare. The article discusses “sporting“ disciplines as kalpé and apobatés, which showed elements of gymnastics and acrobatics, along with Cretan games with Bulls and Etruscan chariots they probably become immediate predecessors of Roman desultores. Increasingly dangerous acrobatic stunts (especially of noble youths) were watched in circuses before the start of races of charioteers by tens of thousands of spectators. Subsequently, these influences were transferred to medieval chivalry, in which controlling the horse and vaulting were an important aspect of knightly virtues. Since the 18th century there proceeded further development of gymnastics and vaulting and then this was defined as a sport.
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