Il campo semantico di nomen nelle tavole defixionum

Title in English The Semantic Field of "nomen" in the Ancient Greek and Latin Curse Tablets


Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Latin vulgaire - latin tardif XI. XI Congreso Internacional sobre el Latín Vulgar y Tardío (Oviedo, 1-5 de septiembre de 2014)
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Linguistics
Keywords Ancient Magic; Curse Tablets; nomen; name; semantics
Description One of the more striking examples of the specificity of the magical context is the use of the term "nomen". Preliminary evaluations allow distinguishing up to seven different uses of the term: "Nomen" can be used in an invocation as an address to the gods and demons (nomen/numen, nomina necessitatis); it can serve as a proxy in referring to the person whose name is not known to the writer (nomen furis), which is usually the case in the prayers for justice; furthermore, "nomen" can be used to refer to the person already named in the text, even in cases where the name is known (nomen Quinti), which could have multiple explanations, including insufficient differentiation between signifié and signifiant, misinterpretation of the guidelines for curse preparation (attested for Greek in PGM, similar Latin guidelines undoubtedly existed too). In some cases, the influence of the formulations of the judicial language seems probable.
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