Christian von Prachatitz und sein lateinischer Herbarius. Zum Forschungsstand des ältesten Kräuterbuchs aus dem mittelalterlichen Böhmen

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Title in English Cristannus of Prachatice and his Latin Herbarium. The state of research on the oldest herbarium of mediaeval Bohemia


Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Sudhoffs Archiv
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Field Mass media, audiovision
Keywords Christian of Prachatice; medieval herbaria; medieval manuscripts; medieval medicine
Description The paper summarizes the most recent findings about Herbarium by Prague Master Cristannus of Prachatice († 1439), which is available only in manuscripts and has not been published yet. It brings the current list of all manuscripts known today, mentions chief sources for Herbarium (Pseudo-Serapion’s Liber Aggregatoris in simplici medicina and Circa instans), thoroughly describes the similar features and differences between both extant redactions and proposes the origin of both redactions and possible Cristannus’ authorship of both extant versions. The next part of the paper focuses on the so-called second life of this Herbarium – its use in two Old Bohemian herbaria which, as a whole, used to be wrongfully attributed to Cristannus of Prachatice. The author points out another very significant source for both Old Bohemian texts – herbarium with inc. galganum sive galanga, known as „Galgant spice tract“ (so-called Galgant-Gewürz-Traktat) and in some mediaeval manuscripts said to be a part of Melleus liquor collection. At the final part of the paper, the author focuses on the herbarium published as a part of the fourth and fifth edition of the so-called Medical books by Master Cristannus of Prachatice in the second half of the 16th century. She proves that this text is based on the so-called Galgant-Gewürz-Traktat and has no relation to Cristannus of Prachatice.
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