Multiway Array Decomposition of EEG Spectrum: Implications of Its Stability for the Exploration of Large-Scale Brain Networks

This publication doesn't include Faculty of Arts. It includes Central European Institute of Technology. Official publication website can be found on muni.cz.

Authors

MAREČEK Radek LAMOŠ Martin LABOUNEK René BARTOŇ Marek SLAVÍČEK Tomáš MIKL Michal REKTOR Ivan BRÁZDIL Milan

Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Neural Computation
MU Faculty or unit

Central European Institute of Technology

Citation
Web https://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/full/10.1162/NECO_a_00933
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/NECO_a_00933
Keywords multimodal neuroimaging; brain rhythms; blind decomposition; large scale brain networks
Description The multiway array decomposition methods have been shown to be promising statistical tools for identifying neural activity in the EEG spectrum. They blindly decompose the EEG spectrum into spatial-temporal-spectral patterns by taking into account inherent relationships among signals acquired at different frequencies and sensors. Our study evaluates the stability of spatial-temporal-spectral patterns derived by one particular method called PARAFAC. We focused on patterns’ stability over time and in population and divided the complete dataset containing data from 50 healthy subjects into several subsets. Our results suggest that the patterns are highly stable in time as well as among different subgroups of subjects. Further, we show with simultaneously acquired fMRI data that power fluctuations of some patterns have stable correspondence to hemodynamic fluctuations in large scale brain networks. We did not find such correspondence for power fluctuations in standard frequency bands, i.e. the common way of dealing with EEG data. Altogether our results suggest that the PARAFAC is a suitable method for research in the field of large scale brain networks and their manifestation in EEG signal.
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