Nadějné vyhlídky : optimismus a jeho vztah k naději

Title in English Bright prospects : optimism and its relation to hope


Year of publication 2016
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description The chapter presents different aspects in approaches to optimism: unrealistic optimism (Weinstein, 1980), dispositional optimism (Scheier, & Carver, 1985), defensive pessimism (Norem, & Cantor, 1986), ) and hope (Snyder, 1994). We have created a model of optimism and we verified the independence of the constructs of optimism/pessimism and hope, since both 2nd order factors, Pessimism and Hope, correlated with one another in the expected negative direction, but their relationship was only medium-close (r =-0.60). This model corresponds to the approach of Snyder (2002), who perceives his construct of hope more actively and specifically compared to optimism as a set of thoughts involving commitment to action and modelling of different paths which lead to the goal.
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