Martin Heidegger a filozofie v Československu do roku 1989

Title in English Martin Heidegger and philosophy in Czechoslovakia to 1989


Year of publication 2018
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Heidegger v Česku, Polsku a na Slovensku
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords Heidegger; Czech Philosophy
Description Some of the first responses to Martin Heideggers philosophy in Czechoslovakia occurred in Jan Patočkas habilitation thesis The Natural World as a Philosophical Problem (Přirozený svět jako filosofický problém), published in 1936. After WWII, the attitude of Czech philosophers to German philosophy became rather reserved and dismissive. Heidegger was mentioned by Václav Černý in his First Notebook on Existentialism (První sešit o existencialismu, 1948) and then only in 1958 by Milena Jetmarová in a collection of papers titled Contemporary Western Philosophy (Současná západní filosofie). In the 1960s, Heidegger’s work drew the attention of Marxist revisionists. Heidegger influenced Karel Kosíks The Dialectics of the Concrete (Dialektika konkrétního), Antonín Mokrejšs Phenomenology and the Problem of Intersubjectivity (Fenomenologie a problém intersubjektivity) and Karel Michňáks On the Critique of Anthropologism in Philosophy and Theology (Ke kritice antropologismu ve filosofii a teologii). Slovak and Czech readers were able read the Slovakian translation of Heideggers Sein und Zeit for the first time in 1969. It was published in the eight volume of An Anthology of Philosophers’ Papers (Antológia z diel filozofov) – Pragmatism, Realism, Phenomenology and Existentialism (Pragmatizmus, realizmus, fenomenológia, existencializmus, edited by Igor Hrušovský, published by Epocha Publishers), with an introductory study by Ján Bodnár. During the Normalization of Czech society in 1970s and 1980s, which had a serious impact on the spiritual and political sphere, Heideggers influence on Czech and Slovak philosophy was degraded by Ladislav Hrzal and Jakub Netopilík notorious book Ideological Struggle in the Development of Czech Philosophy (Ideologický boj ve vývoji české filozofie), which brought to the Normalization atmosphere of the 70s and 80s formal denunciation of Heideggers philosophy and an official criticism of phenomenology. Nevertheless, the interest in Heidegger and Phenomenology continued in unofficial structures, samizdat and home seminars.
Related projects:

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.