1618 České povstání jako evropská krize

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Title in English 1618 Czech uprising as a Europiam Crisis

KNOZ Tomáš

Year of publication 2018
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description The year 1618 is generally considered to be one of the crucial moments of European history. That might be why their description and often illustrations appear perhaps in every textbook of European and world history, because it was in that year that the Thirty Years’ War began, which meant a transformation not only in the sphere of military matters, but throughout the European civilization. It seems that the events at Prague Castle in May 1618 formed a symbolic milestone between traditional and modern society. The date of 23 May 1618 is connected with Prague defenestration as the initiating event of the Bohemian Estates’ Revolt and also the European-wide Thirty Years’ War. It is usually possible to encounter the presentation and interpretation of the mentioned event in a broader context; it is especially applied within the triad ‘Prague defenestration (1618) – battle at White Mountain (1620) – Old Town Square executions (1621)’. In the given context, the Bohemian Revolt became a component of the period interpretations, but also one of the cornerstones of the modern Czech national myth. Whereas in this form the events are usually interpreted in the contours of the Prague panorama as a specific phenomenon of the struggle of the Czech Estates’ democracy against the Habsburg reaction, it is in fact a more complex historical process. On the one hand, one cannot forget the complicated relations between the individual lands of the Bohemian Crown and especially the unique positions of Moravia. On the other hand, the Europe-wide context is also important, through the prism of which the Czech Estates’ Revolt can be perceived as one of the components of the general historical processes – the dual of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, and also the tension between the existing power dualism of the sovereign and estates and ever more assertive Baroque absolutism.
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