Lékaři, lazebníci a porodní báby z řad moravských novokřtěnců v 16.–17. století

Title in English The Anabaptists Physicians, Barber-surgeons and Midwives in the 16th and 17th century


Year of publication 2018
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Theatrum historiae
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords the Anabaptists; physicians; barber-surgeons; midwives; early modern history; medicine
Description The Anabaptist physicians, barber-surgeons and midwives played an important part in the medicine of the 16th and 17th century. They were required by both the Czech and Moravian nobility, regardless of their theological radicalism, for their skilfulness and for the increasing demand for physicians in the 16th century. In consequence of their long-term absence in the Anabaptist communities, caused by the travels to the noble patients, the physicians and barber-surgeons were predisposed to be independent and reluctant to submit to the order prevailing in the Anabaptist communities. Still, they belonged to the most prominent members of the fellowship. The Anabaptist midwives were, similarly to the physicians and barber-surgeons, demanded by the Moravian nobility, but for the lack of sources, the substance of the Anabaptist midwifery remains unknown.
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