Opposition und Widerstand gegen kommunistische Regime : Der Fall Tschechoslowakei

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Title in English Opposition and Resistance Against Communist Regime : The Case of Czechoslovakia
Authors

HOLZER Jan

Year of publication 2019
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Citation
Attached files
Description This paper focuses on the diachronically discontinuous opposition to communism in Czechoslovakia, and compares the period before 1968 (more precisely from 1948 to the mid-1960s) with the period thereafter. The aim of this paper is to describe these actors and groups, as well as their transformation and specific characteristics. In terms of synchronous comparison with other countries of the communist bloc, I refer to the other papers in this volume, and merely draw the reader’s attention to the following: · The non-violent success of communism in the Czech lands after World War II, due to the autochthonous potential of the radical Czech left with its deep historical roots; · In the context of the previous point, the dominance of the Czechs (for which read Prague) over developments in the Slovak polity, the latter having nevertheless long manifested different preferences in terms of its values and interests; · The lack of serious response to the 20th congress of the CPSU, and hence a non-revolutionary year 1956 in Czechoslovakia; and · The extraordinary attempt to ‘reform’ communism, i.e. the Prague Spring and the so-called socialism with a human face – extraordinary not in the sense of ‘magnificent’, but in that of ‘standing outside the ordinary order of things’.

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