Otázka zemědělství a potravinářské produkce zemědělských hornických komunit

Title in English Farming and food production in medieval mining communities


Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Archaeologia historica
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.5817/AH2018-1-12
Keywords medieval mining settlement; food production; subsistence; archaeobotany; archaeozoology
Description This study focuses on the issue of subsistence and farming production in medieval mining com - munities. Information about the breeding of cattle and food consumption can be found in mining codes of law and other legal sources from the 13th and 14th centuries. In recent years, valuable information in the form of archaeobotanical and archaeozoological data has been provided by archaeological research into deserted mining settlements on a territory owned by tbe Premyslid dynasty. With this comprehensive approach, we can ask whether the form of their agriculture was completely passive and consumerist in regard to food consumption, and thus fully dependent on nearby production areas, or whether it had the character of self-subsistent economy. The authors also discuss animals associated with mining settlements from the perspective of food production vs. breeding horses for work in the mines and cleaning shops and for transport.
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