Archaeomalacological evidence of the site formation processes in the Central Europe



Year of publication 2018
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description Land snails have been conventionally used in archaeology for environmental reconstruction and study of human impact, but more rarely are used to investigate site formation processes to differentiate cultural and natural processes. The most of terrestrial snails grow to millimetre size and live in landscape unnoticed by human. Land snails occur often in numerous specimens and species, indicate on-site conditions and refer to site formation processes. In this paper, I compare and combine malacozoological evidence with archaeological material and results of micromorphology, geochemistry, archaeobotany and zooarchaeology. I systematically evaluate the Central European archaeological features of different purposes (storage pits, houses, post-holes, graves, ditches) and periods (since Neolithic up to Early Medieval Period). The paper reveals the patterns, which subfossil shells create and interprets them in terms of duration and type of deposition processes according to Schiffer´s behavioural archaeology.

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