Axe as landscape technology : How did it transform societies and landscapes?

Authors

KOLÁŘ Jan

Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Habitus? The Social Dimension of Technology and Transformation
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Web fulltext of the book
Keywords landscape archaeology; technology; Neolithic; Copper Age; axe; warfare
Description The paper discusses the relationship between landscapes, technologies and societies. Social archaeology often studies artefacts and their social significance, whereas landscape archaeology and palaeoecology focus on the economic potential of landscapes and vegetation cover. With the help of the concept of landscape technologies and the example of Neolithic axes and adzes, the paper stresses that these artefacts were two of the most important innovations in human history, through which the ability of landscape modification was symbolized in ritual depositions, burial rite and supraregional interactions. Therefore the knowledge of the social significance and environmental impact of this technology is crucial for many disciplines.