Cardiovascular progenitor cells and tissue plasticity are reduced in a myocardium affected by Becker muscular dystrophy

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Authors

PEŠL Martin JELÍNKOVÁ Šárka CALUORI Guido HOLICKÁ Mária KREJČÍ Jan NĚMEC Petr KOHUTOVÁ Aneta ŽAMPACHOVÁ Víta DVOŘÁK Petr ROTREKL Vladimír

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Web https://ojrd.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s13023-019-1257-4
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13023-019-1257-4
Keywords Becker muscular dystrophy; Dystrophin; Cardiovascular progenitor cells; C-kit; Cardiomyopathy; Heart failure
Description We describe the association of Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) derived heart failure with the impairment of tissue homeostasis and remodeling capabilities of the affected heart tissue. We report that BMD heart failure is associated with a significantly decreased number of cardiovascular progenitor cells, reduced cardiac fibroblast migration, and ex vivo survival. Background Becker muscular dystrophy belongs to a class of genetically inherited dystrophin deficiencies. It affects male patients and results in progressive skeletal muscle degeneration and dilated cardiomyopathy leading to heart failure. It is a relatively mild form of dystrophin deficiency, which allows patients to be on a heart transplant list. In this unique situation, the explanted heart is a rare opportunity to study the degenerative process of dystrophin-deficient cardiac tissue. Heart tissue was excised, dissociated, and analyzed. The fractional content of c-kit(+)/CD45(-) cardiovascular progenitor cells (CVPCs) and cardiac fibroblast migration were compared to control samples of atrial tissue. Control tissue was obtained from the hearts of healthy organ donor's during heart transplantation procedures. Results We report significantly decreased CVPCs (c-kit(+)/CD45(-)) throughout the heart tissue of a BMD patient, and reduced numbers of phase-bright cells presenting c-kit positivity in the dystrophin-deficient cultured explants. In addition, ex vivo CVPCs survival and cardiac fibroblasts migration were significantly reduced, suggesting reduced homeostatic support and irreversible tissue remodeling. Conclusions Our findings associate genetically derived heart failure in a dystrophin-deficient patient with decreased c-kit(+)/CD45(-) CVPCs and their resilience, possibly hinting at a lack of cardioprotective capability and/or reduced homeostatic support. This also correlates with reduced plasticity of the explanted cardiac tissue, related to the process of irreversible remodeling in the BMD patient's heart.
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