Rodinné vzťahy v súvislosti so somatickou symptomatológiou v období adolescencie

Title in English Family relationships in context with somatic symptomatology during adolescence


Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Česká a slovenská psychiatrie
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords adolescents; partial symptoms; feeling of security; parental warmth; parental interest; parental supervision
Description Objective: The aim of the study was to verify the occurrence of somatic symptoms in adolescents, with an emphasis on relationships with parents (warmness, interest, sense of security) and other family factors (parental supervision, inconsistency in upbringing). This is followed by a study of current somatic symptomatology in adolescents and differences in their preference of somatic symptoms in three age cohorts. Material and method: Data from the SAHA (The Social and Health Assessment) project were used to analyze somatic symptoms in the context of adolescents and their perception of family (N=1497). Results: Due to the abnormal distribution of the variables, non-parametric assays were chosen (Spearman variance coefficient, Kruskal Wallis test). Significant associations were observed between family relationships (parental warmth, interest), family factors (inconsistency in upbringing) by somatic symptomatology in all three age cohorts (10 to 13 years) N = 199 (13.3%); 2. (14 to 16 years) N = 538 (35.9%); 3. (17 to 18 years). Analysis of partial symptoms has revealed that any somatic symptom is related to the discrepancy in parenting. A lower occurrence of somatic symptomatology has been identified in a family setting in which adolescents experience a sense of security. In addition they perceive the extent of parental warmth and their sincere interest much greater. The presence of partial symptoms (headache, abdominal discomfort, nausea or vomiting, skin rashes) has been demonstrated in conjunction with the weaker parental endurance. Conclusion: The results demonstrate the importance of perception of the family environment in the context of parental and adolescent relationships in relation to the presence of somatic symptoms.

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