Hrad u Božanova na Broumovsku a jeho možná úloha při stabilizaci broumovského klášterního dominia

Title in English The castle near Božanov, in the Broumov region and its possible role in the stabilization of the Broumov monastery dominion


Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Archaeologia historica
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords Broumov; castle; metal finds; militaria; colonization; 13th century
Description The fortified seat (name unknown) near the village of Božanov for which there are no written sources can be linked to the colonization efforts of the Benedictine monastery in Broumov in the second half of the 13th century. The castle served as a foothold demarcating the monastery's property in the recently settled area of the Broumov basin in relation to neighbouring Glatz. This is evidenced by the location as well as by the character of the site. The repertoire of finds which chiefly comprise metal artefacts enables to date the castle to the second half of the 13th century – early 14th century. Its structure reflects the military role of the site and the presence of a garrison. The violent decline of the castle was probably associated with the uprising of Broumov magistrates against the Benedictine authority. The fact that the site was not restored points towards the completed consolidation of the monastery holdings and the reconstruction of a castle in the town of Broumov.
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