Solovjov, Dostojevskij a základy morálky

Title in English Solovyov, Dostoevsky and the Foundations of Morality


Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Slavica Iuvenum XXI
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords Dostoevsky; literary personages; moral foundations theory; morality; Solovyov
Description The present article introduces the moral foundations theory by Russian philosopher V. S. Solovyov. It shows that three emotions are in the foundations of morality: shame, pity, and reverence. Morality is conditioned by the presence of all three emotions in man, then, a person who lacks any of these emotions is not acting morally. In the current article, a few examples – based on novels by F. M. Dostoevsky – are provided to demonstrate what the shortage of these emotions can cause. The analyzed material is taken from The Brothers Karamazov and The Adolescent.
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