První rusko-české operní styky a jejich okolnosti: Ruslan a Ludmila v Praze a Prodaná nevěsta v Petrohradě

Title in English The first Russian-Czech opera relations and their circumstances: Ruslan and Ludmila in Prague and Prodaná nevěsta in St. Petersburg


Year of publication 2020
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description Czech musicians began to look for opportunities in Russia to a greater extent during the reign of Peter the Great. However, the most significant period in the field of the Russian-Czech musical relations became the 19th century, thanks to the presence of several prominent personalities of a Czech origin in Russia (for example Eduard Nápravník). In the second half of the 19th century two important events in the field of the musical relations of both countries took place – a visit of a composer and conductor Milij Balakirev in Prague, where he conducted the Czech premiere of Glinka's opera Ruslan and Ludmila at the Provisional Theater (1867), and the premiere of Smetana’s Prodaná nevěsta in St. Petersburg‘s Mariinsky Theater (1871). During the first of these events, the disputes between the Young Czech Party and the Old Czech Party had a strong impact, which later influenced some aspects of the Russian premiere of Prodana nevesta. The paper will briefly deal with the events of the premieres of these popular operas as well as with the cultural and political background accompanying the performance of Glinka's work in Prague and their consequences, inter alia, in the form of reactions of some St. Petersburg critics to Prodaná nevěsta.
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