Der Böhmische Aufstand 1618–1620 als europäische Krise

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Title in English The Bohemian Rebellion 1618-1620 as Europian Crisis

KNOZ Tomáš

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Jahrbuch des Vereins für Geschichte des Fürstentums Liechtenstein
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords History; Early New Age; Bohemian Estates‘ Uprising; White Mountains Battle; Moravia; Charles of Žerotín; Franz of Dietrichstein; Charles of Liechtenstein; Emperor Ferdinand II. of Habsburg
Description The year 1618 is generally considered to be one of the crucial moments of European history. That might be why their description and often illustrations appear perhaps in every textbook of European and world history, because it was in that year that the Thirty Years’ War began, which meant a transformation not only in the sphere of military matters, but throughout the European civilization. It seems that the events at Prague Castle in May 1618 formed a symbolic milestone between traditional and modern society. The date of 23 May 1618 is connected with Prague defenestration as the initiating event of the Bohemian Estates’ Revolt and also the European-wide Thirty Years’ War. It is usually possible to encounter the presentation and interpretation of the mentioned event in a broader context; it is especially applied within the triad ‘Prague defenestration (1618) – battle at White Mountain (1620) – Old Town Square executions (1621)’. In the given context, the Bohemian Revolt became a component of the period interpretations, but also one of the cornerstones of the modern Czech national myth. Whereas in this form the events are usually interpreted in the contours of the Prague panorama as a specific phenomenon of the struggle of the Czech Estates’ democracy against the Habsburg reaction, it is in fact a more complex historical process. On the one hand, one cannot forget the complicated relations between the individual lands of the Bohemian Crown and especially the unique positions of Moravia. On the other hand, the Europe-wide context is also important, through the prism of which the Czech Estates’ Revolt can be perceived as one of the components of the general historical processes – the dual of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation, and also the tension between the existing power dualism of the sovereign and estates and ever more assertive Baroque absolutism.
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