Travels of Christian Friars to the Mongols : Social Setting and Mission in the 13th century
|Year of publication
|Article in Periodical
|Magazine / Source
|MU Faculty or unit
|Mongol empire; Christian missions; Franciscan friars; intercultural contact
|The paper deals with several travel accounts of Christian friars in the early phase of contacts between the Western world and the Mongols, during the period from the 1230s until the establishment of a permanent mission around 1300 in Khanbaliq. The paper is focused on the social and practical aspects of these travels, namely those of John of Plano Carpini and William of Rubruck. This paper brings an overview of several important issues arising from the social situation of the missionaries during their travels and revolves around the following topics: social contacts; means of communication with local inhabitants and intermediaries; and target groups of mission.