The Evolution of the Qing Administrative Structure of Hulun Buir and the Relocation of Dagurs from the Old Barga Aimag in 1920

Authors

SRBA Ondřej

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Studia Orientalia Slovaca
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Citation
Web Full texts online
Keywords Hulun Buir; Khölönbuir; Hölönbuir; Kölünbuyir; administrative development; Dagurs (Daurs); Old Barga (Bar?u) Aimag; relocation of ethnic groups; Qing Dynasty (1644–1911)
Description This paper provides an overview of the administrative evolution of the Hulun Buir area in the Qing Dynasty period (1644–1911) and examines an archive document dealing with an administrative relocation of Dagur households from Old Bargas to the Solon area in 1920. The Qing integrated the area of Hulun Buir into the system of border protection by means of two resettlement projects (1732, 1734) resulting in the establishment of Eight Solon banners and Eight New Barga banners. Both units of eight banners were separately organized according to the Manchu banner system and together constituted the area called henceforward Hulun Buir. One of the main administrative changes of the Republican period was the detachment of the Old Barga aimag from the Eight Solon banners in 1919. While the Old Bargas administratively separated as a Mongolian populated region, Hailar Dagurs remained within the ethnically mixed Solon banners.
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