A Comparison of Monoscopic and Stereoscopic 3D Visualizations: Effect on Spatial Planning in Digital Twins

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Authors

HERMAN Lukáš JUŘÍK Vojtěch SNOPKOVÁ Dajana CHMELÍK Jiří UGWITZ Pavel STACHOŇ Zdeněk ŠAŠINKA Čeněk ŘEZNÍK Tomáš

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Remote Sensing
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://doi.org/10.3390/rs13152976
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rs13152976
Keywords 3D geovisualization; digital twin; pseudo-3D visualization; real-3D visualization; user testing; virtual reality
Description From the user perspective, 3D geospatial data visualizations are one of the bridges between the physical and the digital world. As such, the potential of 3D geospatial data visualizations is frequently discussed within and beyond the digital twins. The effects on human cognitive processes in complex spatial tasks is rather poorly known. No uniform standards exist for the 3D technologies used in these tasks. Although stereoscopic geovisualizations presented using 3D technologies enhance depth perception, it has been suggested that the visual discomfort experienced when using 3D technology outweighs its benefits and results in lower efficiency and errors. In the present study, sixty participants using 3D technologies were tested in terms of their ability to make informed decisions in selecting the correct position of a virtual transmitter in a digital twin and a digital terrain model, respectively. Participants (n = 60) were randomly assigned into two groups, one using 3D technology engaging stereoscopic shutter glasses and the second working with standard computer screen-based visualizations. The results indicated that the participants who used shutter glasses performed significantly worse in terms of response time (W = 175.0; p < 0.001, r = -0.524). This finding verifies previous conclusions concerning the unsuitability of stereoscopic visualization technology for complex decision-making in geospatial tasks.
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